Thursday, 17 April 2014

O is for Oxygen

Here are the local dialect words starting with the letter O.  Do you know what odds means? What does of mean? What does over-get mean?  The answers are at the end of this post.
Today's story takes us to the town of Calne, about 17 miles north east of Trowbridge.  We need to go back to the 1770s and the work of Joseph Priestley, who moved to the town in 1773.  For a while he resided at the house shown in the following photograph - No 19, The Green.

He worked at Bowood Estate (at Derry Hill, just outside of Calne) for the 2nd Earl of Shelburne, acting as the librarian of the house and tutor to the Earl's sons.   His duties gave him plenty of free time which allowed him to continue with his theological interests and scientific experiments. His scientific interest was in 'airs'.  During his time in Calne he published a number of scientific texts, all relating to his observations of, and experiments on, the different types of 'air'. He observed the air bubbles rising in the River Marden and at this bend in the river he collected the gasses for his experiments.

The bend in the river is now named Doctor's Pond after him.
It was in his laboratory in Bowood House in 1774 that he isolated a new gas which he called 'dephlogisticated air' - he had actually isolated and discovered oxygen.  His earlier work, later recognised as gaseous diffusion, was the starting point which lead Dalton and Graham to formulate the kinetic theory of gases.
Here are the answers to today's dialect words: 
  • odds - to change, to set right
  • of - with
  • over-get - to overtake or to catch up
I'll be back tomorrow with the letter P.

107/365: Another Pieris

I've found another pieris growing in the corner bed.  It looks a little sorry for itself at the moment but a bit of attention and on-going care (rather than the neglect it has experienced so far!) will soon sort it out.

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 29

Wednesday, 16 April 2014

N is for Norton St Phillips

Here are the dialect words starting with N .... do you know what never-the-near means? What does nistn't mean? What does nunny-fudging mean? The answers are at the end of this post.
The village of Norton St Philip is about 7 miles west of Trowbridge and was the site of one of the battles during the Monmouth Rebellion.  This was a plot to overthrow King James II and allow the Duke of Monmouth, an illegitimate son of Charles II, to claim the throne.  The rebellion started on 11th June 1685 and Monmouth was eventually defeated on 6 July 1685 at the Battle of Sedgemoor. 
The battle at Norton St Philip took place on 27th June 1685; Monmouth and his followers had made camp at Norton St Philip, the rebel leaders using The George Inn as their headquarters (see photo below).  They were attacked by the royal forces led by the Duke of Grafton, who on advancing into the village were ambushed and surrounded by the rebels; they are said to have escaped by hacking their way through hedges.  Chevers Lane at the edge of the village is reputedly known as 'Bloody Lane' because the blood shed as a result of this battle flowed down the hill! 

Following the failed rebellion, Monmouth was executed and his followers were tried in a series of trials collectively known as the Bloody Assizes.  The judge was George Jeffreys, known as 'Hanging Judge Jeffreys', who had a reputation for harsh and biased judgements - in the Bloody Assizes he sentenced 320 people to death and about 800 more to transportation to the West Indies. 

In the autumn of 1685 The George Inn, previously the rebel's headquarters, was subsequently used as a court by Jeffreys.  Local prisoners were sentenced to be either fined, flogged or transported but twelve men from Norton St Philip were convicted of treason and sentenced to death.  They were brought back to the village, marched from The George Inn, through the Fleur De Lys (another pub just across the road, shown on the left of the photo) to be hanged in Bloody Close.  A local man allegedly opened a gate for the condemned men to pass through and for this act of respect he was taken and hanged with the rest - known as the 'wrongly hanged man', thirteen men were hanged that day!
The bodies were then hung about the village as an example to others until they were taken down and burned in a field behind the Fleur De Lys pub.  The Churchwardens' book  lists a payment of '12s for faggots for the pyre'.  After burning, their bodies were buried in the field in unconsecrated ground.

Of course there are ghost stories linked to this.  Both the Fleur De Lys and The George Inn have reported apparitions and unexplained noises which they link to this event, including rattling chains, shadows of men walking along corridors and a vanishing man.  The ghost of the 'wrongly hanged man' is supposed to remain in the Fleur De Lys. 
 The answers to the dialect words are:
  • never-the-near - uselessly
  • nistn't - need not
  • nunny-fudging - nonsense

Hope to see you again tomorrow for the letter O

Weigh In Wednesday [17]

No change this week, I've stayed the same.  I have to be honest and say that this was a relief - I went to London on Saturday and completely abandoned my eating plan and just indulged myself. I mean, I really indulged myself!!

I got straight back to calorie counting on the Sunday and have done well since, but I fully expected to have put some weight back on - have to say it would have been worth it! I almost didn't want to get on the scales but was pleasantly surprised to see no change.  A lovely start to my day!
Linking with Weigh in Wednesday

106/365: Gladioli

Looks like they are going to make an appearance this year!

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 28

Tuesday, 15 April 2014

M is for Moonrakers

Here are the dialect words to start ... do you know what mind means? How are you feeling if you are miz-mazed? What does most-in-deal mean?  The answers are at the end of the post.
Today we are going 13 miles east of Trowbridge to the town of Devizes so that I can tell you the origin of this rhyme and the reason that Wiltshire people are proud to be called 'Moonrakers' :
Wiltshire born, Wiltshire bred,
Strong in the arm but thick in the head.
We used to chant it when we were children, a rhyme passed on through generations, but to understand why we'd be proud of a rhyme which questions our intelligence you need to hear the story of the Wiltshire Moonrakers .....
.... Back in the 17th century, smuggling was not restricted to coastal activity but stretched across the entire country as contraband was moved along little used tracks and pathways; Wiltshire had its fair share of secret routes with entire villages being involved in the smuggling - it was a major source of income!   There are numerous versions of the Moonraker story but they all start in the same way -  that some local men were smuggling barrels of brandy and that they hid the barrels in a pond.   The reason for them hiding the barrels in the pond is where the version differ, ranging from they were being chased by the excisemen and to avoid capture they hid the barrels in the pond, or that the cart broke and the barrels fell in the pond, or that the donkey pulling the cart kicked back at the shafts, broke the cart and the barrels ended up in the pond. The location of the pond is generally accepted as being the one in the following photograph, the Crammer which is now in Devizes but before the boundaries were changed would have been in the village of Bishops Cannings.

So, however they got there, the barrels of brandy were hidden in the pond.  Some time later the men returned at night, with large wooden rakes, to try to recover them.  They were caught in the act by the excisemen and when asked to explain what they were doing they pointed to the reflection of the moon and replied that they were trying to rake in the big cheese. The excisemen thought they were simpleminded and went on their way, leaving the smugglers free to recover the barrels of brandy.  Again the versions of the story differ, some saying that the excisemen had been tipped off so were waiting for them, other versions saying that the smugglers had been warned and so had their story ready.  The end result is that the smugglers had the last laugh and weren't quite as stupid as they seemed!
There is no evidence that it is anything more than a story but the tale has existed since before 1787 when a version of it was first published.  Devizes definitely claims the story as its own and this plaque is on the Green beside the Crammer.

You may like to listen to a poem of this story.  The poem was written by Will Meade and read by Mervyn Grist.
There is also a poem written in the local dialect - The Wiltshire Moonrakers written by Edward Slow and published in the 1890s. 

I'm finishing with the meanings of the dialect words:
  • mind - (depending on the context) to remind, to remember and to be inclined to do something
  • miz-mazed - completely puzzled, stunned
  • most-in-deal - generally, usually
Hope to see you again tomorrow for the letter N. 

105/365: Conifer

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 27

Monday, 14 April 2014

L is for Luddites

Starting with the local dialect words ... do you know what learn means?  What are lambkins? And what does lot mean?  The answers are at the end of this post.

Today we are going back to 1803 and the story of a Trowbridge youth, Thomas Helliker, believed by many to have been executed for a crime he didn't commit.

Thomas Helliker was born to a local family on the 23rd March 1783, at a time when Trowbridge was a centre for the production of high quality woollen broadcloth.  His family all worked in the woollen cloth trade and he was apprenticed as a shearman when he was 14 years old.  A shearman 'finished' the cloth by shearing it flat after it had been washed and the nap raised by teasels; it was one of the most skilled and highly paid trades in the woollen cloth industry with, historically, a realistic expectation of significantly higher earnings than other trades in the industry. 

However, this was during the industrial revolution when the introduction of mechanisation into the woollen trade impoverished thousands of workers and the workers most opposed to the new machinery were the shearmen.  They were very organised in resisting the move to mechanise the industry, both in the north of England and locally, and their actions of violence and arson are referred to as the Luddite movement.

The events leading to the execution of Thomas Helliker started with the introduction of gig and shearing frames at Littleton Mill in Semington, about 4 miles from Trowbridge. On the night of July 22nd 1802, the mill was attacked and burned to the ground by a group of shearmen from Trowbridge.  Thomas Helliker was arrested, charged with being a ringleader and sent for trial at Salisbury (about 35 miles away).  His arrest was based on an identification by the lessee of the mill, Ralph Heath, who was present during the attack on the mill and who accepted a substantial reward for the identification; in the identification parade Helliker who was the only mill employee in the line-up and Heath already knew him.  Helliker protested his innocence and actually had an alibi for the night of the attack but he was still convicted of the crime and sentenced to hang. Despite public outrage at the conviction, he was hanged at Fisherton Gaol near Salisbury on 22 March 1803, the day before his 20th birthday.  His body was brought back to Trowbridge by his supporters; in a procession across Salisbury Plain, his body was carried on a cart accompanied by a guard of honour of girls dressed all in white.  He was buried in St James Churchyard in a tomb paid for by public subscription. 

On the other side of the tomb it has the following inscription (but I forgot to take a photo!)
Sacred to the memory of
 The thread of whose life was cut in the bloom of youth
He exchanged mortality for immortality March 22 1803
in the 19th year of his age.
The fatal catastrophe which led to this unfortunate event is
too awful to describe. Suffice it say that he met his death with
 the greatest fortitude and resignation of mind. Considering
 his youth he may be said to have but few equals. He died a
 true penitent. Being very anxious in his last moments that
 others might take a timely warning and avoid evil company.
This tomb was erected at his earnest request by the cloth
 making factories of the counties of York, Wilts and Somerset
 as a token of their love to him and veneration of his memory. 
At that time of his death, and in the years since, it was generally accepted that he was innocent of the crime but was a victim of anti-Luddite feeling and there was a strong possibility that he was framed by powerful clothiers who were determined to make an example and deter future Luddite attacks.  It was believed that he knew who had carried out the attack but refused to inform on them, even though it would have cleared his name.  We were told at school that  he may have been protecting one of his brothers, who were also shearmen, although I haven't been able to find any information to validate this suggestion.  
The tomb fell into disrepair over the years but was restored in the 1876 (see inscription in the photograph above). 
Each year the White Horse (Wiltshire) TUC lay a commemorative wreath on the tomb on March 22nd, the anniversary of his death. 
A handwritten copy of the last letter allegedly written by Helliker is displayed in Trowbridge Museum.  This letter was included in the BBC's 'History of the World in 100 Objects' series.   

The answers to the local dialect words are: 
  • learn - to teach.
  • lambkins - hazel catkins
  • lot - to expect, to think/believe

104/365: Inside a Tulip

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 26

Sunday, 13 April 2014

103/365: Red Leaves on the Pieris

This pieris is losing its flowers but lots of the new leaf growth is turning a deep burgundy/red.
Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 25

Saturday, 12 April 2014

102/365: Pieris

The leaves on the new pieris are slowly fading, from red to pink to yellow/green.

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 24

K is for Kennet and Avon Canal

Here are the local dialect words starting with the letter K.  Do you know what a keeker is? What does 'kin refer to?  What are you doing if you keck?  The answers are at the end of this post.

Eighty-seven miles long, the Kennet and Avon Canal is a waterway made up of two navigable rivers linked by a canal.  The name applies to the entire waterway but the actual canal part runs from Bath to Newbury, linking the River Thames and the River Avon. It is a fantastic feat of engineering; not only the canal but the locks (105 of them), tunnels, pumping stations and numerous aqueducts.

So, a brief history of the canal - you can read more detail about it here if you want to. One thing I didn't know before writing this post was that the idea to link the two rivers was first raised during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1568 -1603) although it didn't actually get under way until 1718. Originally built as a cheap and efficient way to transport goods to London, the use of the canal went into decline with the introduction of the railways, although haulage never completely ceased.  However, the canal fell into disrepair and large sections of the canal were closed as a result of poor maintenance making what little haulage there was virtually impossible.

The Kennet and Avon Canal Association was formed in 1951 but in 1955 the Transport Commission petitioned Parliament to completely close the canal.  However, in the 1960s after lots of campaigning it was decided to support the regeneration of the various schemes to redevelop the canal and in 1962 the Kennet and Avon Canal Trust was formed.  The extensive restoration work was carried out by the combined efforts of British Waterways and volunteers and in 1990 the canal was officially re-opened by Queen Elizabeth II.

The Kennet and Avon canal is now not only popular for boating (narrowboats and cruisers), cycling and fishing but it is also an important environment for wildlife conservation.  I have added some videos to show what the canal in this area is like today.  I hope you enjoy them.   
The flight of locks at Caen Hill, Devizes

I'll end this post with the answers to the dialect words: 
  • keeker - the windpipe
  • 'kin - the washings left after the best cider is made
  • keck - to retch
Hope to see you on Monday for the letter L.

Friday, 11 April 2014

101/365: Broom

The broom will soon be in full flower.

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 23

J is for 'Jack and Jill'

Starting with the local dialect words for today.  Do you know what jarl means? What is a jaw bit? What does jee mean?  The answers will be at the end of this post.

Jack and Jill went up the hill
To fetch a pail of water.
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
And Jill came tumbling after.

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
As fast as he could caper.
He went to bed to mend his head
With vinegar and brown paper.

When Jill came in how she did grin
To see Jack's paper plaster;
Mother vexed, did whip her next
For causing Jack's disaster.

This rhyme was part of everyone's childhood, something we all knew the words and tune to as small children and which had been passed on from generation to generation. It's true origins are unknown but there are plenty of theories!

The theory that I'm interested in is the claim by a nearby village that the antics of two of its former residents is recorded in the rhyme. The village in question, Kilmersdon (about 12 miles south west, over the border in Somerset), believes that in 1697 a local spinster, Jill (Gill), had an affair with a local man, Jack.  They used to sneak up the hill for some 'time alone together', if you get my meaning! Sadly, their story doesn't have a happy ending - Jill got pregnant and died in childbirth leaving behind a son, and Jack tragically died when he was hit by a falling rock.  The occurrence of a surname which is thought to have originated in this area - Gilson (Gill's son) is supposed to provide some proof of this tale.

I have to say I'm not really convinced by the claim, but the village have turned it into a tourist attraction.  There are plenty of signs to lead you to the hill ...

Then there is the Jack and Jill Hill ...
At the bottom, looking up 
at the top, looking down

(the well was built as part of the village's millennium celebrations)

The local village school is at the top of the hill and it continues the Jack and Jill theme ...

Here are the answers to the dialect words: 

  • jarl - to quarrel
  • jaw bit - food eaten in the fields by labourers
  • jee - to agree

Hope to see you tomorrow for the letter K.

Skywatch Friday

Taken in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, UK

Linking with Skywatch Friday.

Thursday, 10 April 2014

100/365: Hebe Flowers

My new hebe plant is starting to flower ... tiny, delicate white flowers.  It's beautiful!

Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 22

I is for Imber

I have three local dialect words today.  Do you know what 'in-a-most' means? What is meant by 'imitate'?  What does 'innocent' mean (when talking about flowers)?  Answers will be at the end of this post.
Today we are in Imber, a small isolated village on Salisbury Plain which is very close to my heart as it is where one branch of my family came from. 
"Seven miles from any town, there stands Imber on the Down"
The village was taken over in 1943 by the British Army as a training ground to prepare for the D-Day landings; villagers were given 47 days notice to leave their homes which they did, fully expecting to be able to return after the war.  However, although the village was still in good repair at the end of the war, the army retained control and the villagers were never allowed back to live despite years of campaigning by the 'Forever Imber' group. Public access is now restricted to open weekends twice a year and the village continues to be used as a training ground for the army.
Very few original building now remain.  St Giles Church is a listed building so the church and graveyards have been protected, coming under the control of the Diocese of Salisbury. There have continued to be burials in the graveyard as original villagers have died and requested Imber as their final resting place.  You can get an idea of what Imber would have looked like by viewing these photographs and the following video shows you what the village looks like now.


Imber ceased to be a civil parish in its own right and is now recorded as 'Heytesbury, Imber and Knook'.  Strangely though, the village is still recorded on the census returns when the occupancy is recorded as '0' (nil)!  A sad ending for a village that was first recorded as existing in 957.
Of course, there are ghost stories linked with this village.  There have been reports of talking and laughter coming from the empty buildings, especially the old pub, at night time.  Also the sounds of metallic clanging, which is attributed to the ghost of Albert Nash who was the village blacksmith at the time of the evacuation; he died only six weeks after he was forced to leave Imber, some say of a broken heart, and he is buried in the village graveyard.  The clanging noises are heard in the areas around the village where he plied his trade.  
There were also instances of graffiti appearing on buildings in the village overnight, always large white letters describing the function of the building and written in a substance that could not be cleaned off.  The building most affected by this was Imber Court so the ghost of the building's owner, Major Whistler, was credited with the graffiti.  I think it was more likely to be the 'Forever Imber' campaigners!
To finish this post, here are the answers to the dialect words:
  • 'in-a-most' means - almost
  • imitate - to resemble (as in a family likeness)
  • innocent - small, neat, unobtrusive (when describing flowers, e.g. 'innocent little primrose')
Tomorrow it is the letter J.  Hope to see you then.


Wednesday, 9 April 2014

99/365: Starting to Flower

The shrubs in the front garden have been covered in buds for the last week or so and today they have started to flower.  Does anyone know what this is called, please?
Also linking with Four Seasons : 30 Days : Day 21


Weigh In Wednesday [16]

Another good week and another pound lost, making a total of 21 pounds to date.  That's an average of 1.3 lbs a week so I'm pleased with that rate of loss.
I'm following the NHS advice which is to eat more than the daily number of calories one day a week and less that the daily number of calories on another day in the week.  This is supposed to keep your metabolism working hard.  It seems to be working for me, so I will stay with this approach.  Hopefully, now that the weather is improving, I will be out and about more and the extra activity should also help.
Linking with Weigh In Wednesday.

H is for Hannah Twynnoy

Let's get started with the local dialect words.  Do you know what hereright means?  What is a hudmedud? What does hurkle mean? The answers are at the end of this post.

So back to Hannah Twynnoy  .... I can hear you saying 'who?'  Well, to learn her sad story we are off to Malmesbury which is 25 miles north of Trowbridge.  The evidence for this surprising tale can be found on one of the gravestones in the Abbey graveyard.
Malmesbury Abbey


Who died October 23rd 1703
Aged 33 Years
In bloom of life
She's snatched from hence
She had no room
To make defence
For tyger fierce
Took life away
And here she lies in a bed of clay
Until the Resurrection Day

Hannah's tragic claim to fame is that she is recorded as being the first person in England to be killed by a tiger!

Hannah Twynnoy (1669/70 - 1703) worked as a barmaid in the White Lion Inn in Malmesbury.  The tiger was one of the animals that formed a travelling menagerie which had set up in the pub's large back yard.  A plaque was installed in Hullavington Church (about 5 miles away) soon after her death and it recorded the details leading up to her death.  Her connection with Hullavington is not clear as there are no Twynnoys listed in the records and the plaque itself disappeared during the last century.  However, the wording on the plaque was recorded by a local historian during the Victorian era:

To the memory of Hannah Twynnoy. She was a servant of the
White Lion Inn where there was an exhibition of wild beasts,
and amongst the rest a very fierce tiger which she imprudently
took pleasure in teasing, not withstanding the repeated
remonstrance of its keeper. One day whilst amusing herself
with this dangerous diversion the enraged animal by an
extraordinary effort drew out the staple, sprang towards the
unhappy girl, caught hold of her gown and tore her to pieces.
source =

I was shown the location of the gravestone by a young schoolgirl who knew all the details of this story.  She was most excited by the mystery surrounding Hannah's final resting place.  A gravestone and burial plot in the Abbey churchyard would have been expensive and beyond the means of a barmaid.  Poetic epitaphs were popular at this time and would have required the additional expense of a poet but there is no record of who paid all these expenses. Her family is not known and it is assumed (based on Hannah's social status) that they would not have been able to afford the high costs of such a burial.  It is possible there was a mystery benefactor or that the Abbey itself financed the burial, although the records contain no evidence to confirm or refute either possibility.
A simple ceremony to mark the 300th anniversary of the death took place in 2003, when every schoolgirl in the town named Hannah who was younger than 11 placed a flower on the grave. Her name continues to lives on in the town - in 1993 a new residential road was named Twynnoy Close. 
To finish, here are the answers to the dialect words:
  • hereright - immediately
  • hudmedud - a scarecrow
  • hurkle - to crowd together
I'll be back tomorrow with the letter I.

Tuesday, 8 April 2014

98/365: Euonymus

New leaves bursting out all over the place!

Four Seasons : Spring : Day 20

Four Seasons : 30 Days

Catkins in my neighbour's garden.

G is for Great Wishford

Here are today's local dialect words.  Do you know what gannick means?  What, or who, is a Gramfer?  What are griggles?  the answers will be at the end of this post.
Today we have travelled south-east to the village of Great Wishford and an example of social history.  We need to journey back to the turn of the 19th century to see the  combined impact of the Industrial Revolution and the effects of the Napoleonic blockades on the price of wheat and the cost of a loaf of bread.  The villagers of Great Wishford were particularly hard hit by the rising cost of bread so the local baker published his prices, in stone tablets on the churchyard wall, to show that he was charging a fair price.
This practice of publishing the prices was apparently widespread but this is the only example where the prices have been grouped together and retained over such a long period of time.
You can see the bread stones on the wall, next to the traffic sign.
The church itself contains some fascinating items.  The following image shows the Armada Chest, which is reputed to have been taken from a wreck of the 1588 Spanish Armada but is now thought to actually be English workmanship dating to about 1600.  In the bottom right-hand corner of the image you can see the edge of a red rug which is covering what remains of the memorial brasses of Thomas Bonham (who died in 1473) and his wife Edith (who died in 1469) and their nine children which are said to have included septuplets.
Next there is the wooden, horse-drawn Parish Fire Engine which was bought by the Church Wardens in 1728 for £33. 3s. 0d - that is 3 years after the design was first patented and 6 years before New York purchased a similar machine!  It was an extremely expensive purchase for such a small village and remained in use until the 1920s.

Finally there are two plaques which detail bequests to aid the poor of the parish, provide apprenticeships for poor boys and, in the second image, provide for training of 20 poor boys and 20 poor girls.

On May 29th every year the villagers of Great Wishford observe Oak Apple Day when they claim their ancient right (dating back to the Middle Ages) to collect wood from the nearly Grovely Woods.  The events of Oak Apple Day include gathering oak branches from the woods at dawn, a village breakfast and then a ceremony in Salisbury Cathedral.  The villages dance outside the Cathedral then move inside to claim their rights by shouting  "Grovely, Grovely, Grovely and all Grovely" - apparently the charter only requires three 'Grovelys' but tradition requires four; "three for the charter and one for us"!!  The ceremony is followed by a meal and other events in the village in Oak Apple Field. The ceremony usually features on the local TV news programme.

Grovely Woods has another, more gruesome, claim to fame.  It involves four Danish sisters named Handsel who had moved to the Wilton area (about 3 miles from Great Wishford) in 1737, a date which unfortunately for them, coincided with an outbreak of smallpox that killed over 100 people. The locals blamed the Handsel sisters for this, accusing them of witchcraft and being in league with the devil.  Mob rule saw them dragged from their home and murdered in Grovely Wood.  They were buried a little way apart from each other so that they could not conspire against their murderers after death.  There are now four gnarled beach trees which are supposed to represent the sisters although it is not clear whether they were planted to mark the graves or simply grew there to remind the villagers of their unlawful murder.  There have been reports of sighting of the sisters in the woods.

Earlier this year a campaign was lauched to try to get the old dialect word, 'Ganderflanking', included into the Oxford English Dictionary.  It means 'aimless messing around' and originates from Wiltshire, although is no longer in regular use. 

In support of the campaign, the word was used in the House of Commons by Robert Buckland, the MP for South Swindon.


Here are the answers to the dialect words: 
  • gannick - to mess about, to play the fool.
  • Gramfer - Grandfather
  • griggles - small apples
 Hope to see you again tomorrow for the letter H.